Most of the time Administrators come across Issues while Managing & Monitoring Windows Servers
Issues it could be with Drives or Volumes, so to overcome below are few command based steps which will be helpful to Administrators on day to day basis.
Some provide extra features or functions
Some are similar but are accessible from the command line
1: Check Disk (Chkdsk) :
Check Disk is a system tool in DOS. It verifies the file system integrity of a volume and fixes logical file system errors. It is similar to the fsck (file system consistency check) command in Unix.
2: Disk Cleanup
Disk Cleanup by default it is not available in Windows Server 2008 or 2008R2. This needs to installed.
Open Server Manager -> Features -> Add Features -> Select Desktop Enterprise -> Select & Install
After Installing you can see Disk Cleanup under Programs
For More Info on Disk Cleanup https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/253597
3: Disk Defragmentation:
Locates and consolidates fragmented files on local volumes to improve system performance.
For More Info on Disk Defragmentation https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc731650.aspx
Diskpart is used to extend a data volume in Windows Server 2003 and Windows 2008 Server and above.
This utility can also be used to Manage disks, partitions and Volumes.
For More Info on Diskpart https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/325590
Formats the Disk or Volumes
For More Info on FORMAT https://technet.microsoft.com/en-in/library/cc730730.aspx
Performs tasks that are related to file allocation table (FAT) and NTFS file systems, such as managing reparse points, managing sparse files, or dismounting a volume. If it is used without parameters, fsutil displays a list of supported subcommands.
For More Info on FSUTIL https://technet.microsoft.com/en-in/library/cc753059.aspx
Creates, deletes, or lists a volume mount point.
For More Info on MOUNTVOL https://technet.microsoft.com/en-in/library/cc772586.aspx
MCSA, MCSE | Windows Server 2003 & 2012