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Managing & Monitoring Disk Issues on Windows Servers 2008, 2008 R2 & 2012

Most of the time Administrators come across Issues while Managing & Monitoring Windows Servers

 

Issues it could be with Drives or Volumes, so to overcome below are few command based steps which will be helpful to Administrators on day to day basis.

 

Disk Management

Some provide extra features or functions

Some are similar but are accessible from the command line

 

Check Disk

Disk Cleanup

Disk Defragmentation

DISKPART

FORMAT

FSUTIL

MOUNTVOL

 

1: Check Disk (Chkdsk) :

 

Check Disk is a system tool in DOS. It verifies the file system integrity of a volume and fixes logical file system errors. It is similar to the fsck (file system consistency check) command in Unix.

Disk1

 

2: Disk Cleanup

 

Disk Cleanup by default it is not available in Windows Server 2008 or 2008R2. This needs to installed.

 

Open Server Manager -> Features -> Add Features -> Select Desktop Enterprise -> Select & Install

Disk2

Install

Disk3

 

After Installing you can see Disk Cleanup under Programs

 

For More Info on Disk Cleanup https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/253597

 

3: Disk Defragmentation:

 

Locates and consolidates fragmented files on local volumes to improve system performance.

Disk4

 

For More Info on Disk Defragmentation https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc731650.aspx

 

4: Diskpart:

 

Diskpart is used to extend a data volume in Windows Server 2003 and Windows 2008 Server and above.

This utility can also be used to Manage disks, partitions and Volumes.

Disk5

 

For More Info on Diskpart https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/325590

 

5: FORMAT:

 

Formats the Disk or Volumes

Disk6

Disk7

For More Info on FORMAT https://technet.microsoft.com/en-in/library/cc730730.aspx

 

6: FSUTIL:

 

Performs tasks that are related to file allocation table (FAT) and NTFS file systems, such as managing reparse points, managing sparse files, or dismounting a volume. If it is used without parameters, fsutil displays a list of supported subcommands.

Disk8

For More Info on FSUTIL https://technet.microsoft.com/en-in/library/cc753059.aspx

 

7: MOUNTVOL:

 

Creates, deletes, or lists a volume mount point.

Disk9

 

For More Info on MOUNTVOL https://technet.microsoft.com/en-in/library/cc772586.aspx

 

Regards,

Praveen Kumar

MCSA, MCSE | Windows Server 2003 & 2012

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